Anatomy of Brain

The Basics Of Brain Anatomy


Have you ever wondered what all the working parts of the human brain are? Your brain is the control center of your body. It receives, interprets and sends information at lightning speeds. Brian anatomy plays a major role in all that this amazing organ does. Although much is known about brain anatomy, some things are still mysterious to researchers. For example, some functions appear to be processed in different areas at different times.

By studying brain anatomy, we can come to a better understanding of how the mind functions and also how trauma affects the different areas. Although there is a lot of information out there, here are the basic areas of brain anatomy and what they do.

The Cerebrum

Anatomy of BrainThe main part of your brain anatomy is the cerebrum. This is the "grey matter" that consists of most of this organ. It can be broken up into right and left hemispheres; inner and outer lobes; and a forebrain, midbrain and hindbrain. For our look at brain anatomy, we'll start with the lobes of the outer cerebrum.

The Frontal Lobe - Memory And Conscious Functions

Located at the forefront of your brain anatomy and taking up a large portion of it is the frontal lobe. It handles an extremely wide variety of different conscious thinking functions. It does cognition and memory, sensory information processing, personality and emotion, voluntary motor activity including speech, and more.

The Parietal Lobe - Am I Really Here?

At the top of the brain and slightly back is the parietal lobe. This area also deals with sensory input and discrimination. One unique function it handles is the awareness of your one body. In other words, you know that your body is located HERE in space; this is because of the parietal lobe. When there is damage here, people have trouble washing and dressing. They may have trouble handling objects. Some language functions are also carried out here (language is one thing that seems to be spread all over the different parts of your brain anatomy).

Temporal Lobe - Hearing And Personality

The temporal lobe is on the lower back part of the brain. It handles auditory functions, some visual functions, language ability (again!) and long term memory. People who have damage to this area suffer major disturbances in these areas as well as personality changes.

Occipital Lobe - Visual Perception

Strangely enough, the occipital lobe is located at the lower hindbrain but its primary functions are all related to vision. It's not only responsible for seeing but also for mentally processing what you see. Luckily, cases of damage to this area are rare because of its location.

The Limbic System

The inner part of your brain anatomy is the limbic system. These are smaller parts such as the thalamus, amygdala and hippocampus that deal with biological rhythms, "animal" emotions like fear and rage, your sense of smell and some part of your short-term memory.

These are just the basics of brain anatomy. This organ is more complex than any other in the human body. Learning about brain anatomy is an essential part of treating brain traumas and mental disorders.

Want To Learn More?

We recommend investing in this guide to human physiology and anatomy. It will help you learn anatomy, including the brain, very efficiently and quicly!. Plus it's a fantastic reference for the entire human body with an extensive section on the brain.


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